Category Archives: Civil War

Information and stories about men who were soldiers during the civil war, who lived in Lawrence county, ohio

Civil War Diary of Elias Asa Robinson

CIVIL WAR DIARY
OF
ELIAS ASA ROBINSON

A Private of Co. “B” 12th Regiment – Wisconsin Volunteers

Submitted by his granddaughter Laura Shoecraft

Elias Asa enlisted in the Union Army in Ironton/Reedsburg, Sauk Co., Wisconsin on September 16, 1861. This diary covers only one year of the time he served.

Please note: In transcribing this diary, I have taken care to duplicate as correctly as possible, the original spelling, punctation and use of capital letters. He did not write in his diary every day.

JANUARY 1865

1 – Friday It is very cold here today the citizens say that it has not ben as cold before in 34 years.

2 – Saturday Black Licks
Franklin Co
Ohio

14 – Thursday we march cros the river and left no corn barley and no corn to army rested at dark Pocotaligo, South Carolina

31 – Tuesday – we are laying in camp today about 25 miles from Beaufort [South Carolina]

FEBRUARY 1865

1 – Wednesday we start this morning at eight oclock we marched 16 miles but have not ben stoped yet the rebs we are camped in the woods about 37 miles

2 – Thursday we march 12 miles and stood fricguit [frigid? or picket?] all night

3 – Friday we started this morning at 7 oclock and marched 7 miles and then the rebs checked our advance for a short time but they have fled

4 – Saturday we layed in camp

9 – Thursday we marched 8 miles and camped for the night it snowed today

10 – Friday we marched 7 miles we crost the river Adisto and camped [Adisto River in South Carolina]

11 – Saturday we marched 13 miles and had a skirmish with the rebs

12 – Sunday we waided a swamp today and flanked orangeburg [Orangeburg, South Carolina] and drove the rebs

13 – Monday we marched 13 miles and destroyed the Charleston and Columbia railroad

14 – Tuesday we burnt railroad till noon and then marched 18 miles and camped for the night

15 – Wednesday we marched 15 miles and crost the line of the fifteenth R. C. [or A. C.] march

16 – Thursday we marched 8 miles to the Santee river on the left of Columbia thare was heavy cannon scuding in front of town all day [South Carolina]

17 – Friday we took posession of Columbia the capital of the state [South Carolina]

*******February 16-17 in Columbia*******

18 – Saturday we marched 12 mi today and riped up the South Carolina RR

19 – Sunday we left our camp and pulled out in light marching order we destroyed rail rod all day

20 – Monday we marched 12 miles and camped in the woods

21 – Tuesday we pulled up our camp this morning and marched a 8 oclock and distroyed 3 miles of railroad and marched 16 miles

22 – Wednesday we marched 15 miles and past through swiss Krisough [Spelling ?]

23 – Thursday we marched 7 miles and laid on the bank of the Materee river in the mud and rain

24 – Friday we crost the river this morning and marched 15 miles we passed through small town called Libery Hill [South Carolina]

25 – Saturday we marched 25 miles through the mud knee deep

26 – Sunday we marched 12 miles

27 – Monday we marched 14 miles and camped about 9 oclock

28 – Tuesday we marched 16 miles and

29 – Wednesday This boxes Smith [?]

MARCH 1865

7 – Monday 15 corn basket 1234567890

19 – Saturday Jame Macky 25.00
R. Klett 10.00
Wm Field 25.00
Stow 10.00
Fritz 5.00

APRIL 1865

16 – Sunday stayed over in camp all day. News of the surrender of the “Johnnies” rained some. considerable excitement in camp

17 – Monday Inspector inspected in morning. In afternoon went to town. was diaappinted in looks of the town. Heard of the death of President Lincoln

18 – Tuesday In camp all day Received a mail A detail to clean up a camp ground

19 – Wednesday Moved camp about 1 mile nearer to townhave a splendid camp found bords and put up a good “she bang”

20 – Thursday In camp all day Wrote letters & received a small mail

21 – Friday In camp all day Getting very tired of camp life want to move on

22 – Saturday in camp all day dull and dreary in camp Just at night received a small mail

23 – Sunday Div. Reviewed by Legget as a preparatier to gen. review on the morrow Quite warm all quiet

24 – Monday Army of Tenn. Reviewed by Gen’s Grant, Sherman, Meade, a very agreeable review. In afternoon over to 1st Div saw G.D.S. bry [?] Orders to move in morning

25 – Tuesday Ready to move at 6 1/2 o’clock but did not move until 7 1/2 o’cl. marched along the line of R. R. marched about eight miles and camped in the woods.

26 – Wednesday Stayed over all day Johnnies having signified willingness to come to terms just at night heard they had surrendered Bully. Rec a small mail letters and c from Chet.

27 – Thursday Took up line of march at 7 o’cl. Taking back track reached old camp about noon, a short camp jargin quite warm 8 mile today

28 – Friday in camp all day, but making preparations to march on the morrow, Reports say we go to Richmond, Vir. Rec mail Wrote to C. & R.

29 – Saturday Took up line of march at 7 1/2o’cl, marched slow all the forenoon, but pulled out in the afternoon, crossed Wense [?] R. campinfg 2 miles from it. 13 mi

30 – Sunday Stayed over all day. Last night’s rain made it very pleasant, yet its quite warm

MAY 1865

1 – Monday On the way at 6 1/2 o’cl Passed through the town of Forestville. & by great Ganet [?] College. saw somw fine county. Crossed Tark [?] 20 miles to camp in the woods.

2 – Tuesday Took up line of march at 6 o’cl . Passed through some fine country. Citizenry mostly at home. made a rapid march going 22 mi camped at Ridgeway

3 – Wednesday on the road at 6 o’cl. passed through Melway [?]. Good roads and good country. On rear guard today marched 17 mi 7 camped in the woods.

4 – Thursday Seayed [stayed ] in camp all day witing fo the A.C. across the river The rest was very acceptable

5 – Friday On the way before day – light Crossed the Roanoke & Mineron [Meherrin] Rivers. Found the country showed the effects of the war. 25 mi too camp in a field.

*****they are now in Virginia*****

6 – Saturday Did not start until rather late, 4 Div. in event Very warm, many of the boys failed, Cross the Nottoway R. 23 mi to camp just at dark. Many of the Regt behind

7 – Sunday Took up line of march at 5 o’cl. Pased over some noted ground. Passed Dinwittie C. H. & Tery Oak [Terry Oaks]. Saw some of the works about Petersburg. Camped 5 mi from P 21 mi

8 – Monday Took up march at 4 1/2 o’cl Pasd through the defenses and City of Perersburg. Crosing the Appomattox R. Appears to be a good deal of busines done in the City. Camped 5 mi from P. Univi today

9 – Tuesday Took up line of march about daylight last nights rain makes good roads. Saw where had been heavy fighting in ’64. Passed 4 lines of works guarding Richmond. Camp 9 mi from R. 10 mi today. Went to city

10 – Thursday Stayed in camp all day, rainy. 15th and 17th A C’s came near having a free raw in town, large patrols out of Ind Div. in town.

12 – Friday Took up line of march at 5 o’cl A.M.. Passed through town with Grante [?] step and arms at will. Other troops in way so move very slow Camped 7 mi from town 10 mi. today

13 – Saturday Ready to move at 4 o’cl and soon after on the road. Crossed the Chickihoming [Chichahoming] R. and camped on the banks of the Pamunkey R. and two mi from Hanover, C. H. 13 mi.

14 – Sunday Called up at 2 o’cl to get ready to move but bridge broke and did not move until 8 o’cl Crossed Pamunkey R. found poor roads. Camped on Pole Cat Creek

15 miles today.

15 – Monday Did not get started until 7 o’cl A.M. Div. in centre Crossed Tj River. Quite hot marching but made about 17 mi and in camp at 4 o’cl P.M.

16 – Tuesday Left camp om Po River at 7 o’cl A.M. Div. in [cannot read this part] Very hot Passed through the [cannot read] and over the battleground of Fredricksburg. Crossed the Rapidan & Rappahahannock Rs. Camped 5 mi from latter.

17 – Wednesday Took up line of march at 4 0’cl A.M. but did not get along very fast until the middle of the day. Extreme heat, many gave out. In camp at 4 o’cl P.M. 12 mi

18 – Thursday Left camp at 5 o’cl A. M. Marched slow, passed over some very high country. Saw where the camps of Armies rested at Battle of Bulls Run. Camped at 3 o’cl P.M. on Occoquan R. 16 mi today.

19 – Friday On the road at 4 o’cl A.M. Pulled out very rapidly. Cool marching and made good time, reaching camp 3 mi from Alexandria at 2 o’cl P.M.

20 – Saturday In camp all day. Todays rest is very acceptable. Rec Mail

***Pages are missing for May 21 through May 26.***

Marched in the Grand Review in Washington D.C. om May 24, 1865

27 – Saturday Farchiles [?]

28 – Sunday Silusby [?] Gillespi [?]

29 – Monday Republican Majority Vote cast 1.45 39

*****June 1865 Moved to Louisville, Kentucky

*****July 16, 1865 Elias mustered-out near Louisville, Kentucky

*****He was given an honorable discharge at Madison, Wisconsin

Last entry —“Freedom, La Salle Co. Ill. April 24th / 65” Really doesn’t make any sense — except to him.